On March 27, Congress passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act. The CARES Act provides over $12 billion in additional funding to several Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) programs and activities. These funds will be used for three broad purposes to:
- provide more resources to meet emerging needs;
- support existing rental assistance programs for low-income households; and
- help public housing providers increase their administrative capacity and oversight.
The CARES Act also established the Coronavirus Relief Fund of $150 billion for state and local governments, tribal governments, and U.S territories for expenditures incurred due to the public health crisis. Montana received $1.25 billion of this federal allocation. Of that total, Montana used $50 million to establish the Emergency Housing Assistance program to provide rent, security deposits, mortgage payments for those who lost a job or suffered income loss due to the pandemic.
This report summarizes the key HUD programs receiving supplemental funding in the CARES Act and funding for housing assistance provided by the Coronavirus Relief Fund. The summary includes the allocation of specific funds to Montana.
|Emergency Solution Grants (ESG)||$4 billion|
|Community Development Block Grants (CDBG)||$5 billion|
|Native American programs||$300 million|
|Housing for Persons with AIDS (HOPWA)||$65 million|
|Fair Housing programs||$2.5 million|
|Tenant-Based Rental Assistance||$1.25 billion|
|Project-Based Rental Assistance||$1 billion|
|Public Housing||$685 million|
|Section 202 Housing for the Elderly||$50 million|
|Section 811 Housing for Persons with Disabilities||$15 million|
|Total CARES Act Supplemental Funding||$12.4 billion|
Funding to Meet Emerging Needs
Program: Emergency Solutions Grant
Appropriation: $4 billion
The CARES Act appropriates $4 billion for “Homeless Assistance Grants” under the Emergency Solutions Grants program for individuals and families experiencing homelessness and to support additional homelessness assistance and prevention activities. Funds can be used for rapid rehousing, eviction prevention assistance, and costs of running and staffing temporary emergency shelters. States and local governments receive up to $2 billion based on FY20 allocations. The remaining amount will be distributed to communities with the greatest needs, based on factors like risk of coronavirus transmission, number of people experiencing homelessness, and housing market conditions. Funds can be expended until September 30, 2022.
|Emergency Solutions Grant||Initial Montana Allocation|
|State of Montana||$2,524,355|
Program: Community Development Block Grants
Appropriation: $5 billion
The CARES Act provides $5 billion in CBBG funding to states and local governments. Of the total amount, $2 billion distributed to states and local governments based on the amount received under the FY20 formula. Another $1 billion will go directly to states and local governments based on public health needs, the risk of transmission, number of cases, and economic and housing disruptions resulting from the coronavirus. HUD will distribute the remaining $2 billion on a rolling basis. The bill eliminates the cap on the amount of CBDG funds that can be spent on public services and allows grantees to be reimbursed for COVID-19 related activities regardless of the date the costs incurred. The funds will be made available until September 30, 2022.
|Community Development Block Grant||Initial Montana Allocation|
|City of Billings||$386,973|
|City of Missoula||$339,403|
|City of Great Falls||$475,515|
|Montana Statewide Allocation||$3,925,296|
Program: Native American Programs
Appropriation: $300 million
The CARES Act provides $300 million to address tribal housing needs. Eligible activities include maintaining normal operations of tribal housing providers and addressing emergencies that are a threat to health and safety. Of these funds, $200 million will be allocated through the Indian Housing Block Grant. Up to $100 million will be allocated under the Indian Community Development Block Grant to “prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus.” The funds can be expended until September 30, 2024.
|Indian Housing Block Grant||Montana Allocation|
Program: Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS (HOPWA)
Appropriation: $65 million
The CARES Act provides $65 million to address the housing needs persons living with HIV/AIDS. Eligible states and metropolitan areas will receive no less than $50 million using the HOPWA formula. Of the remaining amount, up to $10 million in competitive grants are available to grantees currently administering permanent supportive housing programs. These funds cannot be used for permanent supportive housing but may be used for isolation and relocation expenses to protect people living with HIV/AIDS. Funds may be also used for mortgage, rent, and utility payments for up to 24 months. Funds allocated through the HOPWA formula can be expended until September 30, 2021. Funds allocated through the competitive grant program will be available until September 30, 2022.
|Housing Opportunity for Persons with AIDS
|State of Montana||$159,460|
|State of Montana- Department of Health & Human Services||$165,263|
Program: Fair Housing Activities
Appropriation: $2.5 million
The CARES Act provides $1.5 million for the Fair Housing Assistance Program to address fair housing issues related to coronavirus and $1 million to the Fair Housing Initiatives Programs for public education activities. The funds will be available until September 30, 2021.
Funding for Rental Assistance Programs
Program: Tenant Based Rental Assistance
Appropriation: $1.25 billion
The CARES Act provides $1.25 billion for Tenant-Based Rental Assistance, which includes the Housing Choice Voucher program, to help public housing agencies maintain normal operations and increased costs. Of this amount, $850 million is to increase the administrative capacity of public housing agencies, and to retain and support participating landlords. The remaining $400 million supplements Housing Choice Voucher rental assistance for tenants financially impacted by the coronavirus. This funding will remain available until expended.
Program: Project Based Rental Assistance
Appropriation: $1 billion
The CARES Act provides $1 billion to maintain normal operations and take necessary actions to meet the needs of residents and owners of project-based Section 8 properties. This funding will remain available until expended.
Program: Public Housing
Appropriation: $685 million
The CARES Act provides $685 million to maintain the operations of public housing properties and to cover coronavirus related expenses includes, health and safety activities for residents, and education and child care needs of impacted families. This funding will remain available until September 30, 2021.
Program: Section 202 Housing for the Elderly
Appropriation: $50 million
The CARES Act makes $50 million available for homeowners to “maintain normal operations and take other necessary actions,” including $10 million for service coordinators. These funds can be expended until September 30, 2023.
Program: Section 811 Housing for Persons with Disabilities
Appropriation: $15 million
The CARES Act appropriates $15 million to “maintain normal operations and take other necessary actions” to support owners and sponsors of properties. These funds can be expended until September 30, 2023.
CORONAVIRUS RELIEF FUND
Montana Appropriation: $125 billion
Emergency Housing Assistance Program: $50 million
The CARES Act provided Montana with $1.25 billion in funding through the Coronavirus Relief Fund. The state used $50 million of this funding to establish the Montana Housing’s Emergency Housing Assistance Program. This program provides rent, security deposits, and mortgage assistance as-needed to Montanans who lost a job or substantial income loss due to the pandemic and are unable to make housing payments as a result. The household income limits are $75,000-$125,000 depending on family size. Under the program, the Montana Board of Housing will cover the difference between 30 percent of a household’s current income and their eligible housing assistance costs, up to $2.000 a month. Initial payments may include up to 3 months of assistance for households that demonstrate a continued inability to make their housing payments. Households receiving other forms of housing assistance are not eligible.
|Coronavirus Reliefe Fund||Montana Allocation|
|State of Montana||$1,250,000,000|
|Emergency Housing Assistance Relief Fund||$50,000,000|